- differentiate between product and chemical tankers
- under revised annex can vegetable oil be carried on product tankers
- differentiate between convention and protocol, eg protocol
- general average , can master discharge the oil to save the ship
- why beam is large on tankers
- discuss any contingency and action taken
- discuss any major survey on board
- what is the advantage of high voltage and how it is generated
- what is HSSC
a) Initial Survey: it is a complete inspection before the ship is put into service of all the items relating to the particular certificate to ensure that relevant requirements are complied with
b) Renewal Survey: it is the same as periodical survey but also leads to issue of new certificate.
c) Periodical Survey: is an inspection of all the items relating to the particular certificate to ensure that they are in a satisfactory condition.
d) Intermediate Survey: is an inspection of specified items relevant to a particular certificate to ensure that they are in satisfactory condition
e) Annual Survey: is a general inspection of the items relating to the particular certificate to ensure that they have been maintained and remain satisfactory for service.
f) Inspection of the Outside of the Ships Bottom: is an inspection of ships underwater part and related items to ensure that they are satisfactory in condition.
g) Additional Survey: it is an inspection either general or in partial according to the circumstances made after repairs resulting from accidents, investigations or renewal
- differentiate between York Antwerp rules and Hague Visby rules
- What do u mean by sue and labour clause in insurance
- Examples of sue and labour charges might include costs incurred by a shipowner in recovering a lost anchor and cable, and costs incurred by a cargo owner of having a refrigerated cargo stored ashore while a ship’s refrigerating machinery is under repair.
- what do you understand by SECA
- either the sulphur content in the fuel should not exceed 1.5% m/m
- an exhaust gas cleaning system approved by the administration so that emission of Sox including both aux and main propulsion engine should not exceed 6 g /KWhr. Effluents from such washing is to meet the criterion of the port state, otherwise retained on board,
- when approaching a SECA the fuel must be changed over to the 1.5% sulphur content fuel and completed before entering the SECA. That is all the fuel lines to the engine must have this fuel only.
- Flushing - low sulphur fuel is used to flush out the higher sulphur fuels from the settling/service tank
- Duplication of tanks- separate Settling/service tanks are installed for the two types of fuels. This has the potential to simplify the change over procedure and reduce risk of fuel incompatibilities.
- what do you understand by the bareboat charter
- york Antwerp rules explain with points
- latest SOLAS and MARPOL amendments
- what is PSSA( particular sensitive sea area) and what is the difference between special area
- objective of ISM & objective of audit
- explain OPRC & HNS conventions
- Explain FUND convention, CLC conventions
- To provide compensation for pollution damage to the extent that the protection afforded by the 1969 Civil Liability Convention is inadequate.
- Fund provides supplementary compensation to the victims of oil pollution disaster
- It is an attempt to ensure that damages of the oil pollution are not only borne by the shipping industry but also by the cargo interests.
- All persons or companies importing more than 150000 tonnes of oil per year shall make contribution to the fund, fund is managed as an independent entity under a supervision of director appointed by IMO.
- 2000 fund convention was adopted on 18th oct 2000 and EIF on 1st nov 2003, under 2000 regime maximum amount of compensation payable from the fund under single accident, including the limit established under 2000 CLC protocol is 203 million SDR, however if three states contributing to the fund more than 600tonnes of oil per annum the maximum amount is raised to 300,740,000 SDR
- Explain P&I clubs, reason for such clubs, their liabilities and fund raising
Liabilities which P&I clubs covers
- Crew-liability for injury, illness, death, medical expenses, repatriation under such circumstances, funeral, and repatriation of substitute crew member under such circumstances
- Stevedores- loss of life, injury,
- Passengers, injury ,loss of life and illness
- personnel effects
- diversion expenses: to land sick crew, stowaway
- life salvage: award to person who has saved life
- one fourth collision liability: hull policy usually covers 3/4th collision liability
- oil pollution: Standard cover: actual or threatened escape or to prevent escape or expenses borne in all such cases are covered in standard policy
Single hull tanker 3000 gt and above or less with double side only or double bottom only
3000USD / GT
Double hull tanker 3000GT or above or less
1900USD / GT
Any other vessel other than a tanker
- wreck liabilities: removal , destruction, lightening or marking of the wreck
- cargo liabilities; for loss, shortage, damage or delay
- cargo’s proportion of general average
- legal costs
- besides above P&I clubs also give guaranty to port authorities to prevent detention of the ships for settlement of full pending cases of liability against the ships.
- Omnibus cover
- estimated total calls ETC or advance calls; whole premium of the year collected in advance in quarterly installments
- supplementary calls: for claims heavier than expected, a call for supplementary premium to balance the books
- overspill calls: one or more overspill call in respect of overspill claim.
Disbursement of claims
- the first USD 5 million of a claim are covered by the member's club - known as the club's own retention
- electrical requirement during dry- dock
- ISM code NC,M-NC observation etc
- Explain FOB, CIF
- explain high velocity vent valve(HVVV), refer macgeaorge
- differentiate between CAS and CAP
Condition assessment scheme
Category of oil tanker
Date or year
5 April 2005 for ships delivered on 5 April 1982 or earlier
2005 for ships delivered after 5 April 1982
Category 2 and
5 April 2005 for ships delivered on 5 April 1977 or earlier
2005 for ships delivered after 5 April 1977 but before 1 January 1978
2006 for ships delivered in 1978 and 1979
2007 for ships delivered in 1980 and 1981
2008 for ships delivered in 1982
2009 for ships delivered in 1983
2010 for ships delivered in 1984 or later
- close up survey; the requirements of ESP at special survey no. 3 has been revised and is same as of CAS
- thickness measurements; the extent of thickness measurement in CAS is enhanced than those of special survey.
- measurement of structural members subject to close up survey, for general assessment and corrosion recording patern.
- suspected areas
- selected ind and water strakes outside the cargo area
- internal structures in the fore and aft peak tanks
- all exposed main deck plate outside the cargo area and all exposed first tier superstructures deck plates.
CAS survey record and documentation
- Explain anti fouling systems
- Explain world scale
- Economies of scale dictate that, in order to break even on a voyage, a large tanker carrying a large quantity of oil will require a lower freight rate per tonne than a smaller tanker lifting a smaller cargo. A VLCC might therefore be quoted at W41 while a 50,000-tonner may require well over W100 or even more than W200.
- CESSER clause explain
- Explain bill of lading in detail
- A receipt of the goods by the shipowner acknowledging that the goods of the stated species, quantity and condition, are shipped to a stated destination in a certain ship, or at least received in custody of the shipowner for the purpose of shipment;
- A memorandum of the contract of carriage, by which the master agrees to transport the goods to their destination; all terms of the contract which was in fact concluded prior to the signing of the bill of lading are repeated on the back of this document;
- A document of title to the goods enabling the consignee to dispose of the goods by endorsement and delivery of the bill of lading.
- A dirty bill of lading, also known as a “claused” or “foul” bill, is one claused with remarks such as “torn bags”, “rusty drums”, “three (3) more c/s in dispute - if on board to be delivered”, etc.
- discuss COLREG and reg 22 and 23
Rule 20 states rules concerning lights apply from sunset to sunrise.Rule 21 gives definitions.
Rule 22 covers visibility of lights - indicating that lights should be visible at minimum ranges (in nautical miles) determined according to the type of vessel.
Rule 23 covers lights to be carried by power-driven vessels underway.
Rule 24 covers lights for vessels towing and pushing.
Rule 25 covers light requirements for sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars.
Rule 26 covers light requirements for fishing vessels.
Rule 27 covers light requirements for vessels not under command or restricted in their ability to manoeuvre.
Rule 28 covers light requirements for vessels constrained by their draught.
Rule 29 covers light requirements for pilot vessels.
Rule 30 covers light requirements for vessels anchored and aground.Rule 31 covers light requirements for seaplanes
Part D - Sound and Light Signals (Rules 32-37)
Rule 32 gives definitions of whistle, short blast, and prolonged blast.
Rule 33 says vessels 12 metres or more in length should carry a whistle and a bell and vessels 100 metres or more in length should carry in addition a gong.
Rule 34 covers manoeuvring and warning signals, using whistle or lights.
Rule 35 covers sound signals to be used in restricted visibility.
Rule 36 covers signals to be used to attract attention.
Rule 37 covers distress signals.
- what is AFRA and AFRA max
- discuss wreck and salvage convention
- Exhaust boiler safety valve settings
- What things to check in dry-dock
Ans;Items to be checked before dry-docking
- Plans- General arrangement, Docking plan, Shell expansion plan
- Surveys and certifications due/ renewal
- Maintenance schedules, spares and stores R.O. B and requirement
- Measuring instruments,
- Consumption of stern tube lube oil , send samples for analyses
- M/E crankshaft deflection and record
- Sound all the engine room DB tanks
Items to be checked during docking
- shore connection terminal box, phase sequence indicator, voltage and frequency of shore supply, KW hr meter on the shore side if any.
- maintain vessels trim as required by the dry dock authorities
- ensure the FFA equipments such as fire plan are in order, availability of international shore connection
- check with ,master when to shut down the M/E , A/E’s and Sea water pumps,
- boiler dump condenser to be isolated after stopping the boiler
- sewage discharge connection to be made ready for discharge ashore or to be collected in tanks
- isolate the tern tube lube oil head tank while the water being pumped out.
- ensure that all DB tanks bottom drain pugs are fitted back and cemented
Items to be checked during undocking
- leakages from the sea water pipe lines and ship side valves etc.
- ensure that oil is there in stern tube head tank and correct tank in use.
- Remove the shore connections and check the KW hr meter reading
- Check the contents of the DB tanks so that trim is maintained as per dry-dock authorities requirement.
- Ballast water management why and how
Adoption: 13 February 2004
Entry into force: 12 months after ratification by 30 States, representing 35 per cent of world merchant shipping tonnage.,
Under article 2 ;to prevent, minimize and ultimately eliminate the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens through the control and management of ships' ballast water and sediments.
Under Article 5 Sediment Reception Facilities Parties undertake to ensure that ports and terminals where cleaning or repair of ballast tanks occurs,
Survey, certification and inspection
Ships are required to be surveyed and certified (Article 7 Survey and certification) and may be inspected by port State control officers (Article 9 Inspection of Ships) who can verify that the ship has a valid certificate; inspect the Ballast Water Record Book; and/or sample the ballast water. If there are concerns, then a detailed inspection may be carried out and "the Party carrying out the inspection shall take such steps as will ensure that the ship shall not discharge Ballast Water until it can do so without presenting a threat of harm to the environment, human health, property or resources."
Annex - Section B Management and Control Requirements for Ships
Ships are required to have on board and implement a Ballast Water Management Plan approved by the Administration (Regulation B-1)
Ships must have a Ballast Water Record Book (Regulation B-2) to record when ballast water is taken on board; circulated or treated for Ballast Water Management purposes; and discharged into the sea. It should also record when Ballast Water is discharged to a reception facility and accidental or other exceptional discharges of Ballast Water
Annex - Section D Standards for Ballast Water Management
Regulation D-1 Ballast Water Exchange Standard - Ships performing Ballast Water exchange shall do so with an efficiency of 95 per cent volumetric exchange of Ballast Water. For ships exchanging ballast water by the pumping-through method, pumping through three times the volume of each ballast water tank shall be considered to meet the standard described. Pumping through less than three times the volume may be accepted provided the ship can demonstrate that at least 95 percent volumetric exchange is met
The sequential flow-through and dilution methods of ballast water exchange will be accepted. When flow-through or dilution is used, at least three times the tanks volume should be pumped. Ballast water exchange should be carried out with an efficiency of at least 95% volumetric exchange.
- Differentiate between bareboat and voyage, time charter
- DOC is issued to whom?
- Discuss LOF
- What are critical machinery and critical operations
- What are dynamic elements of ISM
- Internal audit and SMS review by the company
- reporting of non conformities, accidents, near misses, and hazardous situations
- masters review and reporting of deficiencies
- identification of training needs and provision of same.
- Test ships safety- tankers-hull related- cargo safety
- Damaged stability criterion-product tanker – chemical tanker- bulk carrier
- For gas carrier any convention
- P&I club who pay the premium
- Suppose shipowner takes the policy from the P&I now the vessel is sold to another person will policy get transferred,
- a major maintenance is carried out in engine room , after starting normally another accident take place- found from the incident , what could be the reason what will you do regarding that.
- human error, lack of knowledge and experience, senior engineers irresponsible.
- material failure, due to poor quality or substandard spare parts
- failure of lubrication, again it’s the coz of human error, either insufficient lube oil in the system or passages are not clear.
- Excessive thermal stress or mechanical stress due to over tightening of components, again it leads to human error, either insufficient cooling – cooling medium valves shut, or over or under tightening of the component, correct tightening methods and procedures not followed.
- CLC conventions what are the limits what are the amendments, has this convention signed by India.
Limits as per 1992 protocol
- What is FUND convention limit, who contribute to fund, has India ratified it, what is supplementary fund, who contribute to supplementary fund, what is SDR
- What is the purpose of MS?
- Junior for training on board – DMET, and workshop, what will be your criterion for training
- STCW section in MS act
- UK COC want to sail in Indian ship – which section of MS act allows
(a) that the conditions under which any such certificates are granted in that country require standards of competency or service not lower than those required for the grant under this Act of corresponding certificates; and
(b) that certificates granted under this Act are accepted in that country in lieu of the corresponding certificates granted under the laws of that country;
the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that any certificate of competency or service granted under the laws in force in that country and specified in that notification shall for the purposes of this Act be recognised as equivalent to the corresponding certificate of competency or service granted under this Act and specified in the notification.
(2) Whenever the provisions of this Act require that a person employed in any capacity on board any ship shall be the holder of a specified certificate of competency or service granted under this Act, any person employed in that capacity shall, if he is the holder of a certificate recognised under sub-section (1) as equivalent to the first-mentioned certificate or to a certificate of higher grade granted under this Act, and still in force, be deemed to be duly certificate under this Act.
- As C/E what will you do when going to SECA area, what will you do with cylinder oil
- As C/E what will you do with respect to annex VI – Nox technical file if original spare is not there what will you do.
- Technical File including the onboard verification procedure.
- Record book of engine parameters for recording all of the changes made relative to an engine’s components and settings. Also to include technical documentation in case of modification of any of the engine’s designated components
- Nox influencing components- fuel injector nozzle, fuel pump, fuel injection pressure, liner, piston , valve cams, valve timings, fuel timings, con rod piston rod shims, cylinder heads and gasket.
- What are the future amendments of MARPOL
The amendment to the revised MARPOL Annex I (which was adopted in October 2004 with entry into force set for 1 January 2007) includes a new regulation 12A on oil fuel tank protection. The regulation is intended to apply to all ships delivered on or after 1 August 2010 with an aggregate oil fuel capacity of 600m3 and above. It includes requirements for the protected location of the fuel tanks and performance standards for accidental oil fuel outflow. A maximum capacity limit of 2,500m3 per oil fuel tank is included in the regulation, which also requires Administrations to consider general safety aspects, including the need for maintenance and inspection of wing and double-bottom tanks or spaces, when approving the design and construction of ships in accordance with the regulation. Consequential amendments to the IOPP Certificate were also adopted.
The MEPC also agreed to include appropriate text referring to the new regulation in the amendments to the Guidelines for the application of the revised MARPOL Annex I requirements to FPSOs and FSUs and approved a Unified Interpretation on the application of the regulation to column-stabilized MODUs.
A further amendment to the revised MARPOL Annex I relates to the definition of "heavy grade oil" in regulation 21 on Prevention of oil pollution from oil tankers carrying heavy grade oil as cargo, replacing the words "fuel oils" with "oils, other than crude oils", thereby broadening the scope of the regulation.
The amendment to MARPOL Annex IV Prevention of pollution by sewage from ships adds a new regulation 13 on Port State control on operational requirements. The regulation states that a ship, when in a port or an offshore terminal of another Party, is subject to inspection by officers duly authorized by such Party concerning operational requirements under the Annex, where there are clear grounds for believing that the master or crew are not familiar with essential shipboard procedures relating to the prevention of pollution by sewage.
Amendments to the Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code) were adopted as a consequence of the revised Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the amended International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code), which are expected to enter into force on 1 January 2007. The MEPC also adopted a resolution on Early and Effective Application of the 2006 amendments to the BCH Code to invite MARPOL Parties to consider the application of the amendments to the BCH Code, as soon as practically possible, to ships entitled to fly their flag. Also adopted were the revised Guidelines for the provisional assessment of liquids transported in bulk. In this context the Committee urged industry, in particular the chemical industry, to provide information on the revision of List 2 of the MEPC circular which contains pollutant-only mixtures based on section 5 of the revised Guidelines.
- Discuss reg 13G, 13F
- discuss future amendments of SOLAS?
- types of certificates on that ship P&A( Procedures and Arrangement) manual , SOPEP
- international tonnage certificate
- international load line certificate
- international loadline exemption certificate
- certificates for masters, officers and rating
- International oil pollution prevention certificate
- International air pollution prevention certificate, ( EIAPP for new ships )
- Copy of DOC, and SMC
- cargo ship safety certificate
- cargo ship safety equipment
- cargo ship safety construction certificate
- cargo ship safety radio certificate
- intact stability
- damaged control plan
- minumum safe manning document
- Fire safety training manual
- Fire control plan booklet
- on board training and drills record (official log book)
- Oil record book
- garbage management plan and record book
- Cargo securing manual( container ship)
- Nox technical file
- ship board oil pollution emergency plan
- ships security plan
- SMS manual
- continuous synopsis record
- record of ODMCS for last ballast voyage
- ODMC operational manual
- crude oil washing manual
- DCBT operation manual
- MS act – purpose , define marine causality
(a) on or near the coasts of India, any ship is lost, abandoned, stranded or materially damaged;
(b) on or near the coasts of India, and ship because loss or material damage to any other ship;
(c) any loss of life ensues by reason of any casualty happening to or on board any ship on or near the coasts of India;
(d) in anyplace, any such loss,.abandonment, stranding,.material damage or casually as above mention occurs to or on board any Indian ship, and any competent witness thereof is found in India;
- type of insurance , certificate of financial responsibility, ( CLC and P&I club)
- PSC detainable deficiency, how will you calibrate OWS 15 PPM. if PSCO detains your ship and you feel that cause of detention is not detainable then what will be your action.( court of survey)
- Insufficient food for voyage to next port (Convention 68 Article 5(2)(a)).
- Insufficient potable water for voyage to next port (Convention 68 Article 5(2)(a)).
- training to engine room crew about emergency
- flooding, find source of flooding , try to isolate if possible, start bilge pumps in case major flooding,
- grounding, check all ship side , frames and structures, sound all the tanks, if possible stop the main engine in consultation with bridge,
- fire, if possible restrict the fire- remove combustible material, or discharge a portable fire extinguisher, inform bridge of the extent, location of fire, keep safe away from the fire, all remaining crew to muster and prepare for the fire fighting, shut down the
- critical machinery failure
- steering failure
- Man overboard
- rough weather
- abandon ship
- security breach
- oil pollution, inform master or chief engineer of the probable oil discharged, notify the contents with the SOPEP locker, location of sopep locker, carry out containment, importance of identification of source of pollution. Means of communication, be alert while bunkering and fuel transfer operations, don’t transfer the fuel unattended, don’t gag any fuel tank self closing drain valve, location of remote stops of such transfer pumps, keep checking sounding of all the concerned tanks,
- how will you prepare for external audit ISM
- define seaworthiness
Surge : is the linear longitudinal (front/back) motion
Roll : is when the vessel rotates about the longitudinal (front/back) axis.
Pitch : is when the vessel rotates about the transverse (side-to-side) axis.
Yaw : is when the vessel rotates about the vertical (up-down) axis.
Anything that poses a threat to the continued well being of Ship, Cargo or Crew is said to be a Danger.
Being protected from Danger is “Safe”.
Being exposed to Danger is considered Unsafe.
Therefore a ship that is not protected from dangers is called an “Unsafe Ship”
- what is philosophy of registry
- define affidavit
- what is affreightment
- what are the functions of MMD and Registrar
- pollution ( local P&I) , 1/4th is not giving what will you do
- collision ( 3/4th HULL & MACHINERY) ( 1/4th P&I)
- OPRC convention India agreement with which all countries
- definition of liabilities
- what was the reason of sudden losses of bulk carriers in 1990
- what is the purpose of ballast water mgt
- what is act of god
- what are the C/E responsibilities as per ISM
- equipment failure.
- what is importance of masters review
- example for third party for the ship.
- difference between ESP and CAS
- MARPOL reg 13 G
- define accidents
- what are elements of SOPEP
- why a ship required to be registered in which convention does it come
- define emergency preparedness
- what is FAL convention
- what is development in charter party
- what is rem ; in res
- compensation regieme
- superstructure definition; is bridge a superstructure
- third party liability – definition and example
- specific to tanker – give one detainable deficiency
- what is flag state control
- ship is deliverd in foreign port what will you do as C/E ( 5 things)
- developments in turbocharger nozzle rings flow
- name 5 offence on board
- reliability based on maintenance
- quality mgt 5 key points
- loadline latest amendments
- damage control booklet
- Chemical (HNS) carrier certificate as per marpol
- LRIT – range
- ship identification – what is LRIT and AIS
- 5 points – what is the reason for equipment failure
- Differentiate between maritime liens and mortgage
- Conflict between India and IMO, what will be the effect.
- What is M.S. ACT?
- PSC is harassing you what action will you take.
- Gross tonnage and net tonnage- define
- What is seaman is the master included all the time.
- Entire crew is on strike what will you do
- What is a third party?
- An OBO is changed over from ore to oil, what will be the effect on DOC /SMC
- DOC is invalid and company has 40 ships what will be the effect. Does all the ships stops trading
- What are clear grounds?
- My ship is brand new and is not registered anywhere and you as a charterers will you load cargo on my ship.
- why do u require registry of ship.
- what cover provided by P&I club.
- What shipboard health and safety document plan?
- What are the essential features of quality management system?
- What do you mean by objective evidence.
- Various oil covers provided for ship.
- Condition bared system/ maintenance.
- what is a marine casualty?
- New delivery sea trial.
- Reliability barred index maintenance
- Japan built ship mandatory- issue certificate, now to be registered in India.
- A chief has taken an strict action against 4/E, together signed off, after 4/E complained against C/E how will you defend yourself.
- Hazardous occurrence.
- Statutory certificates.
- Condition of class-imposed ship is going to Siberia no survey facilities, how will you manage for further inspection.
- OPRC – OPR plan integrated with national oil pollution response plan
- All statutory certificates are valid and in inspection ship is found to be unseaworthy, who is to be blamed and why.
- Vessel is OBO how it changes oil to carry ore. What will be effect on SMC and DOC interim DOC and Full time SMC what intermediate assessment in above case.
- How funds are collected in P&I clubs, what is pooling
- What are the worldwide Hull & machinery insurance?
- if flooding contingency plan is wrong what action will you take.
- in case of engine room flooding what will be your action as chief engineer.
Q What is nonconformity? State ground for PSC detention under ISM code?
- Safe navigation
- Safety handle, carry and monitor the condition of the cargo.
- Operate the ER safely
- Maintain proper propulsion and steering
- Fight effectively fires in any part of the ship
- Abandon ship speedily and safely and effect rescue if necessary
- Prevent pollution of the environment
- Maintain stability
- Maintain water tight integrity
- Communicate in distress situation
- Provide safe and healthy conditions on board.
- Propulsion essential machinery as well as electrical installations
- Engine room cleanliness including bilges, ER lagging, and the correct operation of bilge pumping operation.
- Em gen, lighting batteries and switches
- Main and aux steering gear
- Personnel LSA
- FFA equipments- FFA equipments for cargo areas of tankers
- Nav lights, shapes. or sound signals.
- Radio equip.
- Nav equip.
- Charts and other nautical publications.
- Non sparking exhaust ventilation for cargo pump room.
- A. International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001.Ships will need to carry evidence of compliance.
- CLC 92 proof of that.
- Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (LLMC), 1976
- What are the statuatory certificates required for a 15 year old tanker.
- What is Nonconfirmity? State grounds for PSC detention under ISM code?
- How can a class withdraw Class?
- What are the Contents of Oil Record Book?( Part I and Part II)?
- What are the contents of an ODMCS printout? How long do you retain these records ( ORB and ODMCS ) onboard?
- As a chief engineer how will you motivate a multinational crew onboard?
- You are a chief engineer of a product tanker entering USA. Besides OPA , what are the other conventions, under which the ships should carry different certificates, what are these certificates?
- How will you prepare your ship for an external audit?
- You are a chief engineer of a ship which has suffered a machinery breakdown and ship has gone offhire for 6 hours. How do you defend yourself?
- Emergency preparedness - define? How will you tackle a bunker spill?what is your first action and reaction to it?
- Contents of BDN?
- What are measurable and nonconformity?
- NSB? What is its role?
- Describe Structure of IMO?, General assembly once in how many years will it convene?
- What is PSSA? How is it different from special areas?
- What is ISPS? What is ship alert system, how does it work?
- Define Sp.cyl oil consumption, what is your engines sp.cyl.oil. consumption?
- Explain alpha lubrication system?
- What is latest development in turbochargers?
- Under what conditions are SMC, DOC, Interim SMC, Interim DOC issued?
- Regarding Marpol regulations – explain conditions in air pollution?
- What are different types of Audit? what are additional audits like Initial, annual , final….
- There is excessive hull vibrations on a new ship coming out of dock – as a chief engineer what actions do you take?
- ISPS code? What is your actions for different levels?
- Emergency preparedness for steering failure?
- Emergency preparedness for Helicopter landing?
- How do you plan for a drydock – before, and after docking?
- What is economic order quantity? What is your role as C/E?
- What is P& I club? What are policies not covered under p & I ?
- What is B/l? explain clean and dirty B/L?
- As a C/E what do you do when you have to pull out propeller before and after the process in a DD?
- What are necessary conditions for Emcy Fire pump?
- What are necessary conditions for emcy generator?
- What are different H& M policies?
- How do you calculate SFOC?
- What is Energy audit? How do you manage energy efficiently in a boiler and M/E?
- As a C/E how will you train your staff for Ballast water management?
- How does a draft proposal gets implemented into a draft acceptance?
- What is CAS, CAP? How will you prepare your ship for CAS survey, CAP survey?
- GA/PA explain with one example.
- What is cesser clause, Lien clause?
- What is Inch Maree clause?
- According to Marpol what are different catagories of tankers?
- SFOC is high, what is your immediate action?
- In a passenger ship – fire in ECR, emergency preparedness?
- How do you register a ship built outside india?
- History of P& I club?
- How does an EPIRB work?
- What role does a computer play in running of ships?
- Contents of Garbage record book?
- What is Sue and Labour clause?
- Contents of official log book?
- Passenger vessel grounded in shallow waters due to S/G failure- what is emergency response?
- In a bareboat charter if goods were sold midway, what will happen to B/L?
- According to Marpol – can a product tanker carry Vegetable oil?If yes under what regulation, if no why not?
- What are dynamic elements of ISM, why do we need them?
- Spares Inventory, effective ways of using spares?
- As a C/E how will you prepare your vessel for vetting survey?
- What are permanent certificates onboard a ship?
- What is Damage survey, special survey?
- What is laytime, Laycan, deadfreight, back freight, NOR, Layday?
- How do you mortgage a ship? How do you take a ship out of mortgage?
- Marpol – incinerator regn.
- How does viscosity affect fuel timing?
- What are common chapters in ISM and ISO?
- Combustion time period? Whats it effect of combustion process?
- Why do we need VIT? Why was VIT developed?
- T/C latest developments?
- Marpol - what are sewage regulations?
- What are elements of ISM code?
- Relationship between Fuel quality and combustion? What will you do as C/E if the bunkers in your ship has excessive viscosity, carbon content?
- If a ship is sailing without any cargo insurance, what are its risks and liabilities?
- How FQS and VIT helps in economy of fuel?
- What is unclos? Role? How is PSC empowered by UNCLOS?
- What is dynamic stability and how is it applied to ship?
- What is damage stability and damage buoyancy?
- Impact of controlled combustion period on combustion?
- P&I club, role , functions , policies?
- Whats reinsurance , market insurance?
- What is institute time clause, different types.
- According to STCW 95, How can you train a crew for Fire fighting?
- How will you motivate E/R crew?
- What is emergency preparedness for excessive list?
- What are different types of warranties?
- Bulk carrier safeties?
- A ship is built at Korea what are its registration procedure, documents required?
- What is open policy, blanket policy, floating policy, what type of insurance do they fall?
- What is laycan, layday, demurrage?
- Reasons for a vessel capsizing?
- What are latest Marpol regulations?
- identification of hazards (a list of all relevant accident scenarios with potential causes and outcomes);
- assessment of risks (evaluation of risk factors);
- risk control options (devising regulatory measures to control and reduce the identified risks);
- cost benefit assessment (determining cost effectiveness of each risk control option); and
- recommendations for decision-making (information about the hazards, their associated risks and the cost effectiveness of alternative risk control options is provided).
1. Documents to check prior to bunkering.
2. ISPS documents
3. Fixed foam what checks/maintenance.
4. Loadline survey.
5. P&I claims.
6. Marpol latest.
7. Solas latest.
8. Latest M/E
9. Latest OWS
11. What is sua.has India ratified it? (Yes)
12. What is national shipping board? What are its functions?
13. Continous Synopsis record.
14. Additional certificate carried on tankers.
15. IMO NO.
16. Latest amendments for bulk carriers.
17. Lifeboat maintenance.
18. Lifeboat tests.
19. Seafarers recruiting agencies to be registered. Describe.
20. Describe HSSC.
21. STCW 78&95 differences.
22. SEQ survey.
23. Safety construction survey.
24. ISM before and after, advantages to the c/e.
25. What is an article?
26. What is a Nox technical file?
27. Nox reduction methods.
28. What is deficiency, finding, observation, nonconformity?
29. How is a freefall lifeboat launched?
30. C/E's responsibilities as per ism code.
31. IOPP survey preparation.
32. IAPP survey preparation.
33. Local fixed firefighting system (high pr water mist).
34. CLC and P&I differences.
35. What is a nox technical code?
36. SEQ survey fixed co2 system.
37. Important checks prior to dry-docking.
38. Protocols of Marpol.
39. Protocols of Solas.
40. Safety radio survey.
41. Define bulk carrier.
42. M/E lo sump maintained very low. what will be the consequences.
43. How the internal audit helps in formulating training for the crew.
44. How a ship is registered in India.
45. Describe internal audit.
46. What certificate are there onboard related to portable fire extinguishers.
47. What is free in and out?
48. What is management review?
49. What is bunker convention?
50. Container ship construction.
51. Bulk carrier construction.
52. In a foreign port oil spill has occurred during bunkering. what actions.
53. Safety radio survey. To what all ships it is applicable.
54. What are the antipollution equipment onboard.
55. To what all ships Marpol annex4 applies.
56. Who is a freight forwarder?
57. What is deadweight, NRT, GRT?
58. Describe COLREG.
59. What is ISM code?
60. Describe wreck.
61. What is ISM, why it is required?
62. Certificate of registry
63. Relation between SOLAS and MS act
64. Relation between SOLAS and ISM
65. Certificates recommended on board with validity
66. What all surveys are done by class
67. MARPOL 73/78, what is 78 protocol
68. STCW 78 and 95, why not STCW 78/95
69. Bunker annex VI, Reg 18 fuel oil quality
70. What is new in oil sampling?
71. Before dry-dock what you will check wrt to shore connection
72. In dry-dock just before flooding you found a hole/crack in the shipside plating what will be your action
73. What is in certificate of fitness / IBC CODE?
74. Boiler safety valve survey
75. Main bearing survey
76. Fire in engine room
77. Flag state /port state/ MS act
78. SOLAS/ MS act
79. ISM non conformity
80. What is loadicator
81. As chief engineer what inspections you will make under load line
82. As chief engineer how will you go about sea trials
83. What are new safeties related to a bulk carrier
84. What are the new safeties related to container
85. What are the new safeties related to a oil tankers
86. What difference types of maintenance schedule.
87. Describe the Procedure for the regular maintenance routines to be carried out on the CO2 total flooding system
88. Describe the nature and the possible effects on Machinery operation of deposits which may be found on the internal surface of exhaust gas turbocharger blades and explain how these deposits are removed?
89. With reference to exhaust valves of an Auxilliary engine, describe how valves are reconditioned.
90. Condition monitoring
91. Liner gauging
92. Timing of exhaust valve
93. Stuffing box
MEO Class 4 Oral QUESTIONS
2. What is the allowed chloride content?
3. Why is the boiler water circulating pump required for EGB?
4. How does a bourbon pressure gauge work?
5. How do you blow through a boiler gauge glass?
6. Why is a ball given in the gauge glass?
7. How do you tighten a gauge glass after assembly?
8. What is the setting of a boiler safety valve?
9. What is the normally allowed chloride content in a water tube boiler?
10. How do you blow down a boiler and inspect it?
11. Why is pre purging necessary before firing boilers?
12. How does flame failure alarm come?
13. Type of boiler burner on last ship
14. What is the voltage used for the ignitor?
15. How will you know EGB is leaking?
16. How will you stop the leak?
17. What is the purpose of soot blowing?
18. When do you start the circulating pump?
19. What is the temperature of steam in the boiler?
20. What is meant by superheated steam?
21. How is a boiler safety valve set?
22. What is the setting?
23. What is the meaning of accumulation of pressure test?
24. How do you blow down a boiler and inspect?
25. How do you repair leaks?
26. How do you blow through gauge glasses?
27. What is the safety mechanism in case the glass breaks?
28. Which part of a ship's boiler has a higher safety valve setting? EGB or auxiliary?
29. When is the pressure testing of boilers done? How is it done?
30. Why is Fridge compressor belt driven?
31. What is meant by 1 ton of refrigeration?
32. Is there any difference in lub oil pressure readings of fridge compressors when compared to air compressors?
33. How do you read the lub oil pressure of fridge compressors?
34. Some times the pressure gauges used in fridge systems also have temperature readings. What is the use of this?
35. How is the temperature of cold room maintained ?
36. What is the role of the TEV?
37. What is mean effective pressure of diesel engine?
38. What is the cooling water treatment
39. What tests are done on L.O.?
40. What is the correct procedure for L.O. sample collection?
41. Exhaust temp of one unit is high; what could be the reason?
42. How is LO for X head lubrication delivered in (B&W/ SULZER Engines)
43. Why is a bursting disc provided in air compressors?
44. Where is it provided?
45. If a bursting disk ruptures, what will be your action?
46. What are the safeties fitted on air compressors?
47. If the interstage relief valve is lifting, what could be the reason?
48. Why is multistage compression used?
49. How will you test the working of a compressor safety valve?
50. How does the Oil mist detector work?
51. How will you test the opening pressure of a crank case relief door?
52. How many tie rods will be there? Function of tie rods?
53. What is a lantern ring?
54. What is the role of the Thrust block ?
55. Where is the thrust bearing in MC series or RTA engines?
56. Why is the thrust bearing at the aft end of the engine and not at the forward end?
57. Why is the thrust bearing close to the engine and not close to the stern tube?
58. What is the allowed O2 content in IG? How is it controlled?
59. M/E stuffing box components?
60. What is the role of the stuffing box?
61. What is the difference between stuffing box drain oil and scavenge space drain oil?
62. Why are piston rings changed?
63. What is the difference between a PV breaker and PV valve? What are the settings?
64. Why is deck seal used in IG systems?
65. What are the COPT trips?
66. What is the starting procedure for COPT?
67. 4 stroke Valve timing diagram
68. What are the strokes in 2 stroke and four stroke engines
69. Difference between purifier and clarifier
70. What is the separation principle used in purifiers?
71. What is the relation between oil density and gravity disc diameter?
72. Why are telescopic pipes used for oil lubrication?
73. Why is Fuel timing important?
74. How is checked and adjusted? (engine type based on candidate's experience)
75. What is the principle of a diesel engine?
76. Why are 2 springs sometimes used in inlet and exhaust valves?
77. What will you check in springs during o'haul?
78. How does a roto cap work?
79. How is BHP calculation using indicator diagram done?
80. What is MEP and MIP?
80. What is MEP and MIP?
81. What is the difference between the two?
82. Why is cylinder head fitted in engines
83. Are there engines w/o cylhead?
84. Draw 2s timing diagram
85. Why is an expansion tk provided in jcw system?
86. Why do we Blow through' Engines?
87. How is T/C RPM measured?
88. Is there any difference between A/E and M/E Governors
89. Indicator cards why and how are they taken?
90. What is Hydrodynamic lubrication?
91. What is a rolling contact bearing?
92. What is MCR and CSR?
93. What is PS? What is its relation to kW?
94. What was the specific fuel consumption in your last ship?
95. What was the specific Cyl oil consumption?
96. What is the relation between power and rpm of a main diesel engine?
97. What will be the power developed by a main engine if it runs in DD?
98. What is the relation between the ship's speed and engine power?
99. Will the engine develop any power, if it is run when a ship is aground?
100. What is a CPP? How does it function?
101. What is the difference between fuel valve opening pressure and fuel injection pressure?
102. What is an under slung crankshaft?
103. How many crankshafts are there in Vee type engines?
104. How are connecting rods fitted?
105. Do two stroke engines need tappet clearance adjustment?
106. How will you know, without opening anything, that an engine is 2S or 4S?
107. What are the two strokes in 2S engines called?
108. Why does Sulzer use hydraulic jack bolts for main bearings?
109. What is the meaning of TBN in lub oils?
110. Why is LO of different TBN used for M/E cyl oil and Crankcase oil?
111. What are the values of TBN for A/E crankcase oil?
112. What is the difference between "heat" and "temperature" ?
113. If water is found in crank case lo, what could be the cause?
2. Explain how you will change gland packing of a pump.
3. What is a SDNR valve?
4. How do you o'haul a globe valve?
5. How does a gate valve work?
6. If a gate valve is stuck, what could be the reason?
7. How is a job centered on a chuck in a lathe
8. What safety precautions will you take if working on a lathe?
9. What is a reamer? Where is it used?
10. How does a Quick closing valve work?
11. How do you reset a QC valve after operation?
12. Is there any difference between relief valve and safety valve?
13. Explain how will you prepare for Bunkering?
14. How do you set tappet clearance?
15. What are the steps to take after a blackout at sea?
16. How do you pressure test a fuel vale?
17. How will you replace an exhaust valve seat?
18. How do you install a bearing on a shaft?
19. How do you specify pipe size?
20. What do the numbers on bearings mean?
21. What is the common size between different schedules of a pipe?
22. If an A/E does not start what will be your action?
23. Your action if T/C is surging?
24. Why is a Steam trap used in condensate return lines?
25. How is gas cutting done?
26. How many valves are there on a gas-cutting torch?
27. How do you light a gas-cutting torch and adjust the flame?
28. How do you set up a new pipe for welding?
29. What is GPR/GPO/LH electrodes?
30. How do you select the correct current setting for welding?
31. Crank pin brg clearance
32. Telescopic feeler gauge
33. Piston removal procedure
34. Welding defects?
36. How does a Stud extractor work?
37. How does a chain block work?
38. What are the safeties on cargo cranes ?
39. What are the safeties on ER crane?
40. How is the load controlled during lowering?
41. How is the E/R crane load tested?
42. Fuel valve not coming out?
43. Setting exhaust valve timing
44. Pumps o'haul?
45. Type of drill bits?
46. Types of threads?
47. Pipe schedule?
48. Important dimensions of flanges? Types of flanges?
49. Indications of scavenge fire? What action will you take?
50. Where are wear rings used? What is their purpose?
51. Boiler gauge glass? Reflex type? Blow through procedure?
52. .ISSA code book?
53. SG hunting gear?
54. Axe blade? How fitted?
55. Load test?
56. SCBA pressure testing
57. Welding surface preparation
58. No water in GG ? What action
59. Flaring tool
60. What is an ermato joint?
61. Why is a copper gasket annealed ?
62. How will you supervise a lub oil Filter cleaning?
63. What precautions have to be taken during cleaning of SW line filters?
64. What is a Dead mans alarm
65. What will be your action if your Reliever appears drunk
66. Your oiler appears drunk. What is your action?
67. Compound gauge?
68. Method of blowing through gauge glass
69. Pump shaft broken? Suggest epairs?
70. What is Gear Back lash?
71. What are different types of gears seen in ship?
72. What is hunting tooth
73. Why is gear oil different others?
74. What are the different types of Taps and Dies?
75. Why do you take Ullages? How do you calculate liquid quantity?
76. What is VRF?
77. What do you check up while opening piston?
78. Q closing valve operation? Why do you shut the valve again before opening?
79. Start airline getting hot - what action?
80. Draw a LS of ball bearing fitted on a shaft.
81. What is a lip seal? Sketch
82. Sketch a mechanical seal.
83. Exhaust bellow sketch?
84. What is a dresser coupling
85. What is Bumping Clearance? How do you measure it?
86. Why is a centrifugal pump started with its discharge valve shut?
87. How will you align a pump to its motor?
88. What checks will you make on a bottom end bearing bolt?
89. How do you measure ovality of a crank pin?
90. How does hydraulic tightening work?
91. Why is the jack turned back a little while slackening?
92. What will you check in UP space inspection?
93. How will you do crankcase inspection?
94. Shipside valve is leaking into E/R. What will you do?
1. What is KVA?
2. What is special about Steering gear Overload safety?
3. Explain the condition for Paralleling of Alternators?
4. What does different position of the synchroscope needle mean; what is the difference between 6 o clock and 12 clock?
5. Why do we close the switch at 11 o'clock and not at 12 o' clock?
6. Why is a Megger used for insulation test and not a multi meter?
7. What are the safeties on MSB?
8. When does Reverse power flow?
9. What is the harm if reverse power flows?
10. How is the protection against reverse power given?
11. How do you test reverse power trip?
12. What is the full form of ACB?
13. If you press the ACB Close button on an idle generator what will happen?
14. What is Under-voltage protection?
15. What is the meaning of preferential trip? Why is it provided?
16. What is the purpose of the earth fault indication on the switch board?
17. If you get an earth fault alarm what will you do?
18. What is Direct Current?
19. What is alternating current?
20. What is meant by phase in AC?
21. Is there phase in DC?
22. Why is DC not much in use now?
23. Where are you likely to see it used?
24. What does three-phase current mean?
25. What is rms value?
26. What is the meaning of power factor?
27. What is the usual value you see onboard?
28. What is the best value possible?
29. What is the benefit of improving power factor?
30. How can it be improved?
31. What is the meaning of saying I and V are in phase?
32. What is the difference between KW, KVA and KVAR?
33. Why are motor ratings given in KW and that of alternator and transformer given in KVA?
34. Where does reactive power go?
35. What is a semi conductor?
36. What is doping?
37. What happens to insulation when temperature rises?
38. What happens to resistance of conductors when temperature rises
39. What is an induction motor?
40. What is "slip"?
41. What is a synchronous motor?
42. Where is it used?
43. How do you use a multimeter?
44. What is an AVO meter?
45. How do you check continuity?
46. What limits the electrical load?
47. What is the voltage used in a meggar?
48. How does current flow during welding?
49. What do we use for welding on ships? AC or DC?
50. What is the voltage?
51. What is the voltage used for ignition in boilers/incinerators etc.?
52. Why is it different from that for welding?
53. Does current flow through hull during welding?
54. If so why don't you get a shock?
55. What is safe voltage to prevent shock?
56. What is the meaning of earthing in a ship?
57. What is the meaning of Star winding/ Delta winding?
58. Is the ship's alternator Star wound or Delta wound?
59. What is the meaning of ACB, MCCB, NFB?
60. What is a magnetic contactor? Where is it used?
61. What is a relay? How is it different from a magnetic contactor?
62. Can you draw a DOL starter circuit?
63. What is the meaning of overload?
64. What is meaning of short circuit?
65. How is protection provided for OL and SC?
66. What is the function of a fuse?
67. What is the normal setting of overload relays?
68. How does a thermal overload relay work?
69. What is single phasing?
70. How can it happen?
71. What is the harm caused by this?
72. What protection is provided against this?
73. Why is it necessary that incoming alternator frequency is more than bus bar?
74. What is dark lamp and bright lamp method for synchronizing? How is the connection made?
75. Apart from renewing bearings is there any reason for opening up motors for maintenance?
76. Why is reverse power protection required?
77. Why is this reverse power used instead of reverse current in alternators?
78. What is the meaning of excitation in an alternator?
79. Is the field current in an alternator AC or DC ?
80. Is the field rotating or stationary?
81. How is it supplied?
82. What is a brush less alternator?
83. How is the excitation achieved in this?
84. What is the meaning of residual magnetism?
85. Why is an air compressor started unloaded?
86. How is the speed of a 3-phase induction motor varied?
87. How is the direction of rotation varied?
88. How does this cause a rotation to change?
89. How is the speed of a DC motor varied?
90. How is the direction varied?
91. What is a diode?
92. What is a zener diode?
93. What is a thyristor? What is an SCR?
94. How does an inverter work?
95. How does a tube light work?
96. What is the function of the starter in a tube light?
97. What is the function of the choke?
98. Where is a slip ring used and where is a commutator used?
99. What is capacitance?
100. Does current flow though a capacitor?
101. What is the unit for capacitance ?
102. What is a neutral?
103. What is the difference between neutral and earth?
104. What is a synchronous condenser?
105. Where and why is it used?
106. If a motor is wound star and you want to change to delta what should you do?
100 If the AVR, is defective, when additional loads come on will the generator be able to take it?
How do you test, reverse power trip, high current trip, preferential trip?
102. What is residual magnetism? Where is it important?
103. Sometimes, when you change the running direction of a E/R blower (from supply to exhaust) it trips. Why?
104. What is the function of the friction clutch mechanism used in purifiers?
105. What is the regular maintenance done on batteries?
106. What safety precautions need to be taken during maintenance on batteries?
107. Why is special lighting used in battery rooms?
108. What is the voltage available from each cell in a lead acid battery?
109. What is the full battery voltage ?
110. How is this voltage achieved?
111. What is the meaning of a normally open contact?
112. How does a Salinometer function?
113. How does the air compressor start and stop automatically?
114. How is the cold room temperature maintained?
115. What is a self-monitoring alarm circuit?
116. Out at sea, if there is a black out during your watch, what action will you take?
117. After a black out the emergency generator comes on; On restoring the main supply we are closing the circuit breaker of the main generator with out bothering about synchronizing. How is this possible?
118. How does the emergency generator start automatically?
119. If all your air bottles are at low pressure and there is a blackout how do you start the generators?
120. What is a shaft generator?
121. Even though the main engine runs at varying speeds, how does the alternator maintain constant frequency?
122. Is the alternator connected star or delta
123. Why is 440 V used for motors and 110/220 V used for lighting?
1. Fire main line fittings
2. Purifier room fire
3. Paint locker fire
4. CO2 flooding procedure
5. Uptake fires
6. O2 and C2H2 storage and operation safety
7. EPIRB and SART
9. LB brake/ lowering procedure
10. 103.Deck foam system?
11. 104.Where isolation valves given in fire main?
12. What is hydrogen fire?
13. What are the indications of EGB fire?
14. 2.DCP fire extinguisher?
15. Routine checks on FFA
16. Flammability diagram
17. In your kitchen what fuel is used
18. Why is the flame not traveling to the cylinder
19. LEL, UEL
20. Flammability range?
21. Between a log and a small stick which burns faster
22. When you blow on a matchstick the fire goes out. In a stove/or a black smith's hearth blowing air increases the fire.Why?
23. Why is a Relief Valve fitted on fire main?
24. International shore connection; Size? Where fitted? Which part is standard?
25. Enclosed entry procedure
26. ELSA, EEBD
27. 33 Fire main line isolating valves
28. How does a flame screen work? What is the difference between a flame screen and a flame arrestor?
29. What is a flashback arrestor?
30. Why should Acetylene bottles be used in the upright position?
31. What is the correct position for using a portable foam extinguisher?
32. Why is a sand box provided on the boiler flat?
33. What are gas-free conditions for man entry?
34. Should the ventilation blower be running in supply mode or exhaust mode, when the Oxygen check is made?
35. In a tanker, why are bonding straps used on cargo pipelines?
36. What is the rating of the electrical hand glove?
37. What is the important first aid for an electrical shock victim?
38. Is there any protection for a CO2 cylinder in case of a fire in the CO2 room itself?
39. Is the CO2 in the bottle in liquid condition or gas?
40. How does the CO2 alarm ring when the panel door is opened?
41. Can engine room bilges be pumped out in special areas?
42. What will be your action when you discover smoke coming out of
43. During your watch, if you get a under piston temperature high alarm, what will you do?
44. During your night duty on a UMS vessel, there is a fire alarm from E/R. What will be your action in case of
a. Purifier room fire
b. Running generator exh manifold on fire
c. Boiler front on fire
d. Bilges on fire
45. 102.CO2 and DCP difference?
46. Man overboard drill
47. Oil spill drill
48. Life raft floatation
49. Ship's Whistle? How does it work? Where is it fitted?
50. L boat tricing pendant / Bowsing in tackles; Purpose.
51. What is HRU? How does it work? Where is if fitted?
52. What is a Life buoy? Where is it fitted?
53. What is flash point, firepoint and auto ignition temp.
54. What are the tests done before enclosed space entry?
55. What spaces are defined as such?
56. What is the acceptable HC level for man entry?
57. What is TLV? How many types are there?
1. Deep tank construction
2. Garboard strake, sheer strake
3. Stability and buoyancy
4. Collision bulkhead
5. Camber, margin plate, intercoastal?
6. Free surface effect?
7. Static and dynamic stability?
8. LOLL, GZ,righting lever
9. Pounding effect on rudder
10. What are Skates?
11. Types of floor
12. How ship turns? Rudder function?
13. Why is rudder angle not more than 36 deg?
14. How does the ship move? Propeller function?
15. Why is the thrust bearing fitted aft?
16. What action will you take if there is a thrust bearing high tr alarm?
17. What is a "Torsion Box" in a container ship?
18. Protection/safeties on a generator
19. What is metacentric height? What is its importance?
20. What is dynamic stability? What is its importance?
21. What is a chain stopper?
22. What is a dead man brake?
23. How many brakes are there on a life boat winch?